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Blood Pressure Screening in School-Aged Children in Tehran تاریخ ثبت : 1392/03/08
طبقه بندي :
Titel : Blood Pressure Screening in School-Aged Children in Tehran
Author : M. Mohkam, A. Karimi, N. Eslami, A. Khatami, F. Fallah, S. Maham, F. Jadali and F. A. Gorji
Journal : Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Year : 2011
Volume : 5
Issue : 4
Pages : 229-233
Abstract :

Introduction. Hypertension is one of the most common diseases in the world and a major risk factor for cardiovascular, renal, and neurologic diseases. It seems that hypertension and overweight in children are a growing epidemic. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of hypertension inschool-aged children in Tehran.

Materials and Methods. In a cross-sectional study, blood pressure and anthropometric measurements were performed on school-aged children in Tehran from 2008 to 2009. Children aged 7 to 11 years from 5 public schools in Tehran were included. Blood pressure, weight, and height measurement were performed at the school. At each screening, 3 seated blood pressure, weight, and height measurements were made and at least after 3 minutes of rest and choosing proper cuff, blood pressure was measured by a pediatric nephrologist and a pediatric assistant.

Results. A total of 425 school-aged children were included. Twentyfour percent of the primary school children had hypertension and 12% were shown to be overweight. Hypertension was more common in students of the north of Tehran in comparison to other geographic parts of Tehran. There was a significant difference in the prevalence of hypertension between girl students of north of Tehran and girls of the other parts of Tehran.

Conclusions: We concluded that hypertension is a common problem in school-aged children. Our study re-emphasized the need for prevention and control of high blood pressure in children to manage the global diseases burden due to hypertension.

Keywords : Adolescent, Hypertensionm, Overweight, Prevalence
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