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Interleukin 1 and 6 in Children with Acute Pyelonephritis تاریخ ثبت : 1392/02/25
طبقه بندي :
Titel : Interleukin 1 and 6 in Children with Acute Pyelonephritis
Author : M. Sharifian, A. Karimi, G. Latif, F. Fallah, F. Jadali, S. Armin, A. Fahimzad and S. R. Tabatabaei
Journal : Emirates Medical Journal
Year : 2006
Volume : 24
Issue : 3
Pages : 219-222
Abstract :

Renal infection and scarring are the leading causes of end stage renal disease (ESRD) in some parts of the world (e.g. Iran). Urinary interleukins (IL) 1 and 6 have been reported to be high in acute pyelonephritis in previous studies. This study was performed to determine the relation between IL1&6 levels in the presence of acute pyelonephritis and the relation between the amount of these cytokines and the severity of pyelonephritis by dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scan. Children ages 1 month to 12 years who were admitted to the nephrology ward of Mofid Children's Hospital for pyelonephritis from January to July 2004 were enrolled in the study. Interleukins 1 and 6 and creatinine were measured in 80 random urine samples of 37 patients (81% female) with acute pyelonephritis and 43 healthy children (81% female). Urinary cytokines were measured by Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) and creatinine by spectrophotometry methods and recorded in microgram per mg of creatinine. Pyelonephritis was confirmed by positive urine culture and/or DMSA scan in all patients using SPECT apparatus. Data were analyzed by paired student t test and differences considered significant if p< 0.05. Mean interleukin 1/creatinine (IL1/Cr) ratio in patients with pyelonephritis was 0.70 ± 0.96 (range 0.02-5.08) and in healthy children was 0.04 ± 0.12 (range 0-0.51). Mean interleukin 6/creatinine (IL6/Cr) ratio in patients with pyelonephritis was 4.80 ± 10.06 (range 0.01-44.74) and in healthy children was 0.15 ± 0.37 (range 0-2.32). There were significantly higher levels of urinary IL-1 and IL-6 in children with pyelonephritis than healthy children, but we didn't find any significant relationship between urinary interleukin levels and other parameters such as pyuria, ESR, CRP and different grades of renal involvement in DMSA scans.

 

Keywords : Children, Creation, DMSA scan, Interleukin 1, Interleukin 6, Pyelonephritis.
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